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How to Make a Hydraulic Forging Press

time:2023-10-29 views:(点击 77 次)
[Article Summary]: Forging is a metalworking technique used to transform metal by applying pressure. Mechanical hammers are typically employed, while hydraulic and s……

how to make a hydraulic forging press

Forging is a metalworking technique used to transform metal by applying pressure. Mechanical hammers are typically employed, while hydraulic and screw presses may add greater power and control during this process.

These presses operate slowly, using fluid pressure to convert pressure into mechanical force and are commonly employed for open die forging applications.

Frame

Hydraulic forging presses differ significantly from shop presses in that they must withstand continuous use for multiple cycles at once, heat transfer and cooling cycles as well as ongoing stresses such as heating/cooling cycles without failing or becoming damaged. Therefore, proper construction of such presses must take place to avoid failure or damage to them in their service life.

Hydraulic forging presses rely on their frame as the foundation to the rest of the machine, with various kinds of frames used depending on individual circumstances and needs. While various kinds can be chosen, forging presses with good rigidity are preferred to reduce any potential flexing which could reduce pressure applied to workpieces while simultaneously improving precision during forging operations.

Hydraulic forging presses require not only a frame, but also a hydraulic cylinder, oil tank, manual control valve, pressure gauge and pressing plate for operation. The hydraulic cylinder provides unidirectional stroke force to push metal into dies through pressing plates connected to it - the pressure gauge allows users to track exactly how much pressure is being applied - manual control valves allow operators to control how much is being applied - while oil tanks store all necessary hydraulic fluid for operating its cylinders.

Forging is most successful when the hydraulic press ram can contact the die at the bottom of each stroke, acting like molds to shape metal into specific forms. Open and closed dies can both be used, although closed dies tend to be used more commonly for isothermal applications.

Forging presses have the advantage of applying force gradually over a longer time than hammers, enabling the ram to penetrate deeper into the workpiece and result in more uniform plastic deformation. While forging presses may be used with all alloy groups, they are particularly advantageous when working with alloys that require slow deformation rates.

Forging presses can be used for both impression die and open die forging, and are classified either mechanically or hydraulically depending on how energy is delivered to the workpiece. Hydraulic presses typically deliver energy more slowly than mechanical hammers and therefore make an ideal choice when forging alloys such as 7xxx series aluminum and magnesium alloys which require slower deformation rates.

Homebuilders can create their own hydraulic forging press, provided that safety precautions are observed. This includes wearing suitable clothing and hearing protection. Working in a well-ventilated space should also be utilized. Furthermore, it should be cleaned after each use with any worn parts being repaired immediately.

Forging presses are powerful tools that anyone with adequate knowledge and equipment can use effectively, so selecting a reputable forging company with experience in meeting the specific needs of your business is of utmost importance. A top notch company will not only produce superior-quality products that keep customers coming back, but will also lower production costs while decreasing labor expenses significantly over time.


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